Assume higher or lower population growth. Population is a key driver of increased greenhouse gases; however, this is also tied heavily to consumption habits. Women’s education and access to family planning could accelerate shifts to smaller families worldwide.
- Different assumptions for future fertility rates and demographics.
- Greater empowerment of women and girls, resulting in lower fertility rates.
- Increased education on and access to reproductive health services.
- Contrary to some people’s beliefs, population growth is not a silver bullet for addressing climate change.
- Decisions around population and family choice are very personal decisions and efforts to shift these decisions have ethical implications in many cultures.
- Watch all the sources of energy change as you change population growth.
Potential Co-Benefits of Lower Growth¶
- Lower population growth reduces global consumption of resources.
- Ensuring safe access to family planning, reproductive health services, and women’s education enhances quality of life and income for women.
- Policies around population should be voluntary and empower women to make the choices that are best for them.
- A higher percentage of women of color live in countries with severe gender inequities in access to education, full economic and political participation, and adequate family planning. Reducing population growth necessitates a large investment in that particular group.
- There is a history of women of color in both high- and low-income countries being forcibly sterilized to prevent giving birth; this should never be encouraged.    
The slider reflects the 95% probability range of population deviating from the United Nation’s medium population growth path. This input is indexed across the UN’s scenarios, where -1 is the low end of the UN’s growth range, 0 is the medium growth scenario, and 1 is the high end of the range.
|lowest growth||low growth||status quo||high growth||highest growth|
|UN Scenario||low end of UN’s 95% range||middle of the UN’s 95% range||high end of the UN’s 95% range|
|Units||-1 to -0.8||-0.8 to -0.2||-0.2 to 0.2||0.2 to 0.8||0.8 to 1|
|Population in 2050||9.3 to 9.4 billion||9.4 to 9.7 billion||9.7 to 9.8 billion||9.8 to 10.1 billion||10.1 to 10.2 billion|
Population gets multiplied with economic growth (GDP per capita) to equal total global GDP, or Gross World Product.
Please visit support.climateinteractive.org for additional inquires and support.
|||Bi, S. (2015). Forced Sterilizations of HIV-Positive Women: A Global Ethics and Policy Failure. AMA Journal of Ethics, 17(10), 952–957. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.10.pfor2-1510|
|||White, H. (2014, May 28). African women fight back against forced, coerced sterilizations. https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/african-women-fight-back-against-forced-coerced-sterilizations|
|||Nittle, N. K. (2020, January 9). U.S. Government’s Role in Sterilizing Women of Color. https://www.thoughtco.com/u-s-governments-role-sterilizing-women-of-color-2834600|
|||Blakemore, E. (2016, August 25). The Little-Known History of the Forced Sterilization of Native American Women. JSTOR Daily. https://daily.jstor.org/the-little-known-history-of-the-forced-sterilization-of-native-american-women/|